Tooth White Spot Treatment?

Tooth White Spot Treatment?

Frequently asked questions about white spot treatment

  1. What are white spots?
  2. What causes white spots?
  3. How can they be treated?
  4. How can they be prevented?

 

1. What are white spots on teeth?

White spots on teeth are a common problem which can be an aesthetic concern to some patients. White spots appear as patches on the tooth, or the tooth appears mottled.

The white spots are areas of demineralisation or weakened enamel, which can be caused by a variety of reasons.

White spots are not due to staining, therefore will not be removed with whitening products and this can cause the spots to be more visible.

2. What causes white patches on teeth?

White patches on teeth can appear on the teeth for multiple reasons including;

    • Poor oral hygiene
    • Poor diet containing too much acidic and sugary foods
    • Dental fluorosis – this is when too much fluoride is consumed as a young child
    • Brackets from braces and orthodontics
    • Enamel hypoplasia – this is due to the enamel not forming properly during pregnancy and childhood
    • Trauma or illness as a baby or child

 

3. How can they be treated?

There are several treatments which vary on the severity of the white spots and the underlying cause:

  • Microabrasion – the superficial affected enamel is carefully removed
  • Ceramic veneers – porcelain material is used to cover the front surface of the tooth
  • Composite bonding – composite material can be used to cover the affected teeth
  • Topical fluoride – can be used on patients with enamel hypoplasia
  • ICON treatment – resin is applied to the white spot areas to colour match the area to the surrounding healthy enamel

 

4How can they be prevented?

White spots can be prevented by:

  • Good oral hygiene – brushing twice daily, once before bedtime and any other time of day, with fluoride toothpaste, flossing once daily before bedtime
  • Fluoride toothpaste – check the ingredients label on the toothpaste for the fluoride concentrations. 1000ppm of fluoride for children aged 3-6 years old, 1,350-1,500ppm for children aged 7+ years old
  • Using the correct amount of toothpaste – for children under 3 years old a smear of fluoride toothpaste should be used, for children ages 3-6 years old a pea sized amount of toothpaste should be used, for children aged 7+ a blob of toothpaste should be used. For all ages, the toothpaste should not be swallowed, encourage spitting after brushing and don’t rinse.
  • Healthy diet which does not contain large amounts of acidic fruits and drinks e.g., fruit juices, fizzy drinks, sugary cereals, sweets and chocolate
  • Drinking fluoridated water – you can check to see if the water in your local area contains natural or added fluoride
  • Visit the dentist every 6 months for a check up

 

If you would like more information about white spot treatment, or if you would like to book an appointment with one of our dentists, why not give us a call on 01772 335207 or fill out the contact form and we will be in touch.

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